The the chemical industry is a rather important industry which mainly produces raw materials for the development of national economy.
But at the same time, the the chemical industry has such obvious shortages high energy consumption and high pollution, which not only wastes many resources but also pollutes the whole environment. It is said that the account of energy consumption taken up by the chemical industry has reached 25 percent of the whole amount all over the country. In addition, it lets off more waste gas and waste water than any other industry in our country. All these features prove that the chemical industry is the most potential and possible to develop recycling economy. Meanwhile, it is also necessary for the chemical industry to develop a recycling economy.
The sustainable development of the chemical industry is to make strict control of pollution during all the producing processes like project design, engineering process and manufacturing management. Thus the pollution in the producing process can be reduced to the minimum extent. In addition, the rate of multipurpose utilization and reusing can be raised. It is an effective way to reduce pollution and cost and protect environment to utilize energy and resources comprehensively and repeatedly. It is also necessary for sustainable development of the chemical industry.
A recycling economy is the pattern of economic development which makes use of energy and resource and protects the environment to the largest extent. Through the technological transformation of traditional industry, it can reduce the energy consumption and pollution as much as possible. Developing recycling economy is an important way to promote structure adjustment, transform economic development pattern, set up a conservation-oriented and environment-friendly society and take a new road to industrialization. It is also a kind of specific practice of applying the scientific outlook on development. What “recycling economy” means is to control and reduce pollution from the source. In addition, all the pollutions must be dealt with and reused in the producing process. If some pollution can not be used any more, they must be handled completely without any threats to the future. Saving economy equals to raise the utilization rate of energy and resources and reduce the energy consumption. Recycling economy is also a kind of ecological economy which protects the environment during the process of developing economy.
The chemical industry is now developed at top speed, and it has consumed much energy and produced much pollution, such as Nitrogen and Phosphorus compounds, heavy metals compounds, etc. In order to realize the sustainable development, it is necessary to change its traditional development pattern and development recycling economy in the way of new-type industrialization, which can extremely achieve largest economical benefits and let off least pollution at the cost of least energy consumption and least pollution.
There is a kind of close relationship between chemical sustainable development of industry and recycling economy.
Recycling economy and ecological economics, can promote sustainable development of the chemical industry. That is, it can help this industry achieve the most benefits at the cost of the least energy consumption and environmental pollution. Therefore, developing recycling economy is the fundamental way to realize sustainable development, rapid, harmonious and healthy development.